Despite the lingering suspicions of the 1962 China War, the events of Nathu La and Cho La 1967 and the lingering border disputes over Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh, Sinoindian relations have gradually improved since 1988. The two countries have tried to ease tensions along the border, develop trade and cultural relations and normalize relations. [125] Formal bilateral relations between India and Vatican City have existed since June 12, 1948. There was an apostolic delegation to India from 1881. The Holy See has a nunciature in New Delhi, while India has accredited its embassy in Bern, Switzerland, also near the Holy See. India`s ambassador to Bern is traditionally accredited to the Holy See. At present, the Indian government attaches particular importance, as part of The East Policy, to the economic development of the backward region of northeastern India, which exploits the huge ASEAN market and the energy resources available in some ASEAN Member States, such as Burma. [41] The look-East policy was launched in 1991, shortly after the end of the Cold War, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. After the beginning of liberalization, it was a very strategic foreign policy decision by the government. To quote Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, “it was also a strategic change in India`s vision of the world and India`s place in the developing global economy.” Strategic attempts are underway to form an “Asian NATO” with India, Japan, the United States and Australia through the four-party security dialogue.

[153] [153] [Best Source Required] In the first decade of the 21st century, the deepening of strategic relations between the two nations was prevented by a number of political differences, such as India`s refusal to sign the NPT and Australia`s continued refusal to supply uranium to India. The Australian Parliament then authorized the sale of uranium to India after the government`s amendment. [154] Closer strategic cooperation between India, Japan, the United States and Australia also began in the second half of the 2010s, which some analysts called for to offset Chinese initiatives in the Indo-Pacific region. [155] India is a major buyer of Burmese oil and gas. In 2007, Indian exports to Myanmar amounted to $185 million, while imports from Myanmar were estimated at about $810 million, mainly from oil and gas. [140] India has provided US$100 million to finance highway infrastructure projects in Myanmar, while US$57 million has been provided for the modernization of Burmese railways. $27 million in additional grants were pledged for road and rail projects. [141] India is one of the few countries to have provided military assistance to the Burmese junta. [142] However, pressure is mounting on India to reduce some of its military deliveries to Burma. [143] Relations between the two remain close, as shown by Cyclone Nargis, when India was one of the few countries whose aid and rescue proposals were accepted by Myanmar`s ruling junta.

[144] The ties between the Catholic Church and India date back to the Apostle St. Thomas, who came to India in the 9th century, the Patriarch of the Nestorian in Persia sent bishops to India. There is a recording of an Indian bishop who visited Rome in the early 12th century. Israel and India share information about terrorist groups. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1992, they have developed close ties in defence and security. India has purchased more than $5 billion in Israeli equipment since 2002.